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Published: 2020-06-06

The Impact of the Change of Water Polo Rules on the Game Dynamics

Elementary School Dobrislav D. Perunovic, Niksic, Montenegro
Football club National, Podgorica, Montenegro
Goals Quarters Water polo match Rules


This research aimed to identify a change in the dynamics of the water polo game related to identifying differences in the number of goals scored before and after the introduction of the current 2019 rules. The sample analyzed 96 matches from the 2018 and 2020 European Water Polo Championships. The sample of variables included five variables for both subsamples, which referred to the total number of goals scored in the match, as well as the total number of goals per quarter. By applying the T-test for small independent samples, it was determined that at a statistically significant level, a higher number of goals was achieved in the third and fourth quarters, as well as the total number of goals in the 2020 European Championship in Hungary, compared to the 2018 European Championship in Spain. No statistically significant differences were found in the variables related to the total number of goals in the first and second quarters of the water polo match. The rule change, which came into force in 2019, was driven by changes in the game that directly reflected in a more dynamic game that resulted in more goals per game as well as in the final quarter of the game. These changes were undoubtedly preceded by changes in the total number of attacks, faster swimming, more frequent shots, which should definitely be determined by additional research.


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How to Cite

Gardasevic, N., & Joksimovic, M. (2020). The Impact of the Change of Water Polo Rules on the Game Dynamics. International Journal of Physical Education, Fitness and Sports, 9(2), 51-56.

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